LSMU MA Faculty of Odontology
Department of Orthodontics
Address: J. Lukšos-Daumanto str. 6, LT-50106 Kaunas
Phone: +370 37 387560
Prof. Antanas Šidlauskas
Head of the Department of Orthodontics
Phone: +370 37 387598
Phone: +370 37 387560
The department of Orthodontics was established in 1996 and today it is a leading centre of educational, research and patient care in Lithuania. The undergraduate course in orthodontics is presented in Lithuanian and English languages for IVth and Vth course students of Odontology and IVth course students of Dental Hygiene. The main task of the undergraduate course – to provide the basic knowledge in normal prenatal and postnatal growth of the face, development of dentition and occlusion; to explain etiological factors and pathogenetic mechanisms of malocclusion development; to explain principles of orthodontic treatment planning, introduce to contemporary treatment techniques and preventive procedures and appliances; to teach understand risk - benefit appraisal for the individual patient and adverse effects of treatment; to train graduate to treat simple orthodontic cases whilst being able to recognize and advise parents on the treatment of more complex problems. Orthodontic treatment for adults is also considered.
The facilities include a modern orthodontic clinic and dental laboratory for appliance construction and plaster work, a reception and waiting area, a computer and data-processing room, premises for clinical photography, a seminar room and an auditorium.
The main field of the research is epidemiology and ethiopathogenesis of the oro-facial deformities and malocclusion, the supervisor - prof. Antanas Šidlauskas. For implementation of this tasks a multidisciplinary team including orthodontists, molecular biologists and biostatisticians from Lithuanian University of Health Sciences has been created and close cooperation with Oulu university (Finland) and Cardiff university (Wales) is established.
The running research projects are:
- Genetic and environmental influences on human third molar development. The major sources of human dental variability are genes, environment and epigenetic mechanisms regulating gene expression. The structural equation modelling applied in twin studies can provide estimates of the proportion of the total phenotypic variation attributable to additive genetic effects, shared environmental, and unique environmental components. Therefore, assessment of the role of genetics and environmental factors could have implications for understanding of processes related to third molar impaction, agenesis and displaced localization.
- Assessment of the relative contribution of genetics and environmental factors on the 3D facial soft tissue morphology and occlusion. The aim of the study is to evaluate genetic and environmental influences on 3D the facial soft tissue morphology and occlusion. The comparative 3D analysis of different facial areas and relationships with the role of genetic and environmental factors in its formation, identifies areas, most reactive to environmental influences, and thus most responsive for orthodontic treatment.
- Relationship between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life. At the population level, the identification of weak points within oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is important as it helps to uncover the needs of individuals in the society and thus direct public health actions and policies more effectively toward the prevention and treatment of occlusal disorders. Because socio-demographic factors may influence OHRQoL, the nature and magnitude of impacts may in fact vary between populations of different cultural backgrounds. Therefore, similar studies conducted in varying countries, including Lithuania, have their own inherent value and may be of interest.
The PhD program in Orthodontics is available with experience mentors in the field.
The postgraduate programme in Orthodontics takes 3 years and includes instruction and extensive experience in diagnostics and treatment planning, facial growth and development, biomechanics and interdisciplinary procedures. Residents have an opportunity of treating the full range of different malocclusions in children and adults in a state-of-the-art orthodontic facility. An original research project intended to produce results suitable for publication in a peer-reviewed journal is required for obtaining the Certificate of specialist in Orthodontics. PhD studies after completion postgraduate program are available as well.
Department of Orthodontics is the only specialized university clinic in Lithuania providing treatment the most complex orthodontic anomalies. The special attention is given to early treatment, occlusal guidance and the prevention of anomalies. Professional application of modern orthodontic treatment methods and technics starting with mini-screws, variety of bracket systems, Herbst appliance and ending with Invisalign helps us to create a perfect smile, harmonious soft tissue and stabile occlusions for children, adolescents and adults. There is established good cooperation with other dental specialists (oral and maxillo-facial surgeons, periodontologists, prosthetic and paediatric dentists) to manage complex cleft and surgical cases.